An overview of top level ontologies

Ontologies are mostly created for a specific purpose as for OEPI that is the creation of an ontology for environmental performance indicators. Apart from these specific ontologies there are also more general ones that are called top level or upper ontologies. They serve as a kind of superstructure above the specific domain, task and application ontologies. Its purpose is to provide the possibility to integrate specialized ontologies into a generic semantic context that is levelled above them. Examples for such ontologies are those that provide proper integration of concepts into the earth system, common time and space knowledge or just proper mapping to a multilingual dictionary or thesaurus.

logo knot
wonder web
onto med

During the development of  OEPI’s ontology for environmental performance indicators, several top level ontologies have been reviewed. This is part of the ontology design process as by that it may be avoided to create an own comprehensive top level ontology which is a complex and lengthy task. The basis for the research done was a comprehensive review done by Mascardi, V., Cordì, V. and Rosso, P. (2007):  A comparison of upper ontologies, Proceedings of Conf. on Agenti e industria: Applicazioni tecnologiche degli agenti software, WOA07, Genova, Italy, pp. 24-25. They developed a set of criteria to evaluate several ontologies. By that we could have a better understanding of the most important top level ontologies that exist.

The evaluated ontologies are in detail:

During our review we found that most top level ontologies have common agreements of top level issues like objects, world, properties, events or processes. Nevertheless many of the evaluated ontologies are already geared toward specific purposes like for example the medical domain, natural sciences or language processing. So it will make more sense to have the OEPI ontology mapped to existing abstract concepts of one or several of the ontologies from above.

If you know of additional top level ontologies that may be added to this list, please let us know and we might include it here.

Related eu projects to OEPI

Different efforts are now emerging towards the creation of infrastructures and platforms for Environmental Information Systems and Services – including Infrastructures for flexible discovery and chaining of distributed environmental services.

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have an essential role to play in the context of Environmental systems as they provide the necessary support in terms of tools, systems and protocols to establish a dynamic environmental space of collaboration in a more and more sophisticated digital world.
envision project
Sany Project
Gigas Project
Netmar Project
Orchestra Project
Pescado Project
Tatoo Project
Ucert Web Project

It is interesting how many interesting projects related to OEPI have shown up on the landscape as of today.  I hope you enjoy the overview:

  • ENVISION (website)
    ENVIronmental Services Infrastructure with Ontologies
  • NETMAR (website)
    Open service network for marine environmental data
  • OEPI (website)
    Exploring and Monitoring Any Organisation’s Environmental Performance Indicators
  • PESCADO (website)
    Personalized Environmental Service Configuration and Delivery Orchestration
  • SUDPLAN (website)
    Sustainable Urban Development Planner for Climate Change Adaptation
  • TATOO (website)
    Tagging Tool based on a Semantic Discovery Framework
  • UncertWeb (website)
    The Uncertainty Enabled Model Web
  • UrbanFlood (website)
    Building an Early Warning System Framework for European Cities
  • GENESIS (website)
    GENeric European Sustainable Information Space for environment
  • ICT-ENSURE (website)
    ICT for Environmental Sustainability Research
  • GIGAS (website)
    GEOSS INSPIRE and GMES an Action in Support
  • Sany (website)Sensors Anywhere
  • Orchestra (website)
    Open Architecture and Spacial Data

If you know of more projects we have forgotten drop us a comment.


About the OEPI Project

Mar 23, 2010

How environmental indicators can help business sustainability

The OEPI project will provide a platform which enables its users to determine the environmental performance indicators for products and services they are offering. To this purpose, the different data sources of relevant organizations or service providers that provide the corresponding values for materials and processes, will be integrated into the platform.

A tale of two worlds

OEPI will even provide for indicators that are defined differently, a conversion facility presenting such indicators in a way which makes them directly comparable for the users. Users are provided with a variety of analysis tools and output channels. Thus, they can easily generate corresponding performance reports. Here, standardization is crucial, since the complete value chain with all its suppliers shall be covered in the sustainability balance enabled by OEPI including – possibly certified – documentation.

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The OEPI Blog will keep you up to date with current news, events and related material on organizational economical performance indicators.

Please also check out the project-website:

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